The names given to the various lines of a tooth on a gear-wheel are as follows: In Figure 233, A is the face and B the flank of a tooth, while C is the point, and D the root of the tooth; E is the height or depth, and F the breadth. P P is t... Read more of Drawing Gear Wheels at How to Draw.caInformational Site Network Informational
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Vitamins and Other Food Supplements






From: How and When to Be Your Own Doctor

From The Hygienic Dictionary

Vitamins. [1] The staple foods may not contain the same nutritive
substances as in former times. . . . Chemical fertilizers, by
increasing the abundance of the crops without replacing all the
exhausted elements of the soil, may have indirectly contributed to
change the nutritive value of cereal grains and of vegetables. . . .
Hygienists have not paid sufficient attention to the genesis of
diseases. Their studies of conditions of life and diet, and of their
effects on the physiological and mental state of modern man are
superficial, incomplete, and of too short duration. They have, thus,
contributed to the weakening of our body and our soul. _Alexis
Carrel, Man the Unknown._

I have already explained the hygienist's view of why people get
sick. The sequence of causation goes: enervation, toxemia,
alternative elimination, disease. However, there is one more link in
this chain, a precursor to enervation that, for good and
understandable reasons, seemed unknown to the earlier hygienists.
That precursor is long term sub-clinical malnutrition. Lack of
nutrition effects virtually everybody today. Almost all of us are
overfed but undernourished.

I have already explained that one particular head of broccoli does
not necessarily equal another head of broccoli; the nutritional
composition of apparently identical foods can be highly variable.
Not only do different samples of the same type of food differ wildly
in protein content, amino acid ratios and mineral content, their
vitamin and vitamin-like substances also vary according to soil
fertility and the variety grown.

These days, food crop varieties are bred for yield and other
commercial considerations, such as shipability, storage life, and
ease of processing. In pre-industrial times when each family
propagated its own unique open-pollinated varieties, a natural
selection process for healthy outcomes prevailed. If the family's
particular, unique varieties carried genes for highly nutritious
food, and if the family's land was fertile enough to allow those
genes to manifest, and if the family kept up its land's fertility by
wise management, their children tended to survive the gauntlet of
childhood illness and lived to propagate the family's varieties and
continue the family name. Thus, over time, human food cultivars were
selected for their nutritional content.

But not any longer! These days, farming technology with its focus on
bulk yield and profit, degrades the nutritional content of our
entire food supply. Even commercial organically grown food is no
better in this respect.

Sub-clinical, life-long, vitamin and mineral deficiencies contribute
to the onset of disease; the malnourished body becomes increasingly
enervated, beginning the process of disease. Vitamin supplements can
increase the body's vital force, reversing to a degree the natural
tendency towards degeneration. In fact, some medical gerontologists
theorize that by using vitamins it might be possible to restore
human life span to its genetically programmed 115 years without
doing anything else about increasing nutrition from our degraded
foods or paying much attention to dietary indiscretions. Knowing
what I do about toxemia's effects I doubt vitamins can allow us to
totally ignore what we eat, though supplements can certainly help.

More than degraded nutritional content of food prompts a thinking
person to use food supplements. Our bodies and spirits are
constantly assaulted and insulted by modern life in ways our

genetics never intended us to deal with. Today the entire
environment is mildly toxic. Air is polluted; water is polluted; our
food supply contains traces of highly poisonous artificial molecules
that our bodies have no natural ability to process and eliminate.
Our cities and work places are full of loud, shocking noises that
trigger frequent adrenaline rushes and other stress adaptations. Our
work places are full of psychological stresses that humans never had
to deal with before.

Historically, humans who were not enslaved have been in control of
determining their own hour to hour, day to day activities, living on
their own largely self-sufficient farms. The idea of working for
another, at regular hours, without personal liberty, ignoring or
suppressing one's own agenda and inclinations over an entire
lifetime is quite new and not at all healthy. It takes continual
subconscious applications of mental and psychic energies to protect
ourselves against the stresses of modern life, energies that we
don't know we're expending. This is also highly enervating. Thus to
remain healthy we may need nutrition at levels far higher than might
be possible through eating food; even ideal food might not contain
enough vitamins to sustain us against the strains and stresses of
this century.

And think about Dr. Pottenger's cats. Our bodies are at the poorer
end of a century-long process of mass degeneration that started with
white flour from the roller mill. Compared to my older clients I
have noticed that my younger patients seem to possess less vital
force on the average, show evidence of poorer skeletal development,
have poorer teeth, less energy, have far more difficulty breeding
and coping with their family life, and are far more likely to
develop degenerative conditions early. Most of my younger patients
had a poor start because they were raised on highly refined,
devitalized, deficient foods, and grew up without much exercise.
Their parents had somewhat better food. Some of their grandparents
may have even grown up on raw milk and a vegetable garden, and
actually had to walk, not owning cars when they were young. Their
great grandparents had a high likelihood of enjoying decent
nutrition and a healthful life-style.

Unfortunately, most of my patients like the idea of taking vitamins
too much for their own good. The AMA medical model has conditioned
people to swallow something for every little discomfort, and taking
a pill is also by far the easiest thing to do because a pill
requires no life-style changes, nor self-discipline, nor personal
responsibility. But vitamins are much more frugal than drugs.
Compared to prescriptions, even the most exotic life extension
supplements are much less expensive. I am saddened when my clients
tell me they can't afford supplements. When their MD prescribes a
medicine that costs many times more they never have trouble finding
the money.

I am also saddened that people are so willing to take supplements,
because I can usually do a lot more to genuinely help their bodies
heal with dietary modification and detoxification. Of all the tools
at my disposal that help people heal, last in the race comes
supplements.

One of the best aspects of using vitamins as though they were
healing agents is that food supplements almost never have harmful
side effects, even when they are taken in what might seem enormous
overdoses. If someone with a health condition reads or hears about
some vitamin being curative, goes out and buys some and takes it,
they will at very least have followed the basic principle of good
medicine: first of all do no harm. At worst, if the supplements did
nothing for them at all, they are practicing the same kind of
benevolent medicine that Dr. Jennings did almost two centuries ago.
Not only that, but having done something to treat their symptoms,
they have become patients facilitating their own patience, giving
their body a chance to correct its problem. They well may get
better, but not because of the action of the particular vitamin they
took. Or, luckily, the vitamin or vitamins they take may have been
just what was needed, raising their body's vital force and
accelerating the body's ability to solve its problem.

One reason vitamin therapies frequently do not work as well as they
might is that, having been intimidated by AMA propaganda that has
created largely false fears in the public mind about harmful effects
of vitamin overdoses, the person may not take enough of the right
vitamin. The minimum daily requirements of vitamins and minerals as
outlined in nutrition texts are only sufficient to prevent the most
obvious forms of deficiency diseases. If a person takes supplements
at or near the minimum daily requirement (the dose recommended by
the FDA as being 'generally recognized as safe') they should not
expect to see any therapeutic effect unless they have scurvy, beri
beri, rickets, goiter, or pellagra.

In these days of vitamin-fortified bread and iodized salt, and even
vitamin C fortified soft drinks, you almost never see the kind of
life-threatening deficiency states people first learned to
recognize, such as scurvy. Sailors on long sea voyages used to
develop a debilitating form of vitamin C deficiency that could kill.
Scurvy could be quickly cured by as little as one lime a day. For
this reason the British Government legislated the carrying of limes
on long voyages and today that is why British sailors are still
called limeys. A lime has less than 30 milligrams of vitamin C. But
to make a cold clear up faster with vitamin C a mere 30 mg does
absolutely nothing! To begin to dent an infection with vitamin C
takes 10,000 milligrams a day, and to make a life threatening
infection like pneumonia go away faster might require 25,000 to
150,000 milligrams of vitamin C daily, administered intravenously.
In terms of supplying that much C with limes, that's 300 to 750 of
them daily--clearly impossible.

Similarly, pellagra can be cured with a few milligrams of vitamin
B3, but schizophrenia can sometimes be cured with 3,000 milligrams,
roughly a thousand times as much as the MDR.

There are many many common diseases that the medical profession does
not see as being caused by vitamin deficiencies. Senility and many
mental disorders fall in this category. Many old people live on
extremely deficient diets comprised largely of devitalized starches,
sugars, and fats, partly because many do not have good enough teeth
to chew vegetables and other high roughage foods, and they do not
have the energy it takes to prepare more nourishing foods. Virtually
all old people have deficiency diseases. As vital force inevitably
declines with age, the quantity and quality of digestive enzymes
decreases, then the ability to breakdown and extract soluble
nutrients from food is diminished, frequently leading to serious
deficiencies. These deficiencies are inevitably misdiagnosed as
disease and as aging.

Suppose a body needs 30 milligrams a day of niacin to not develop
pellagra, but to be fully healthy, needs 500 milligrams daily. If
that body receives 50 milligrams per day from a vitamin pill, to the
medical doctor it could not possibly be deficient in this vitamin.
However, over time, the insidious sub-clinical deficiency may
degrade some other system and produce a different disease, such as
colitis. But the medical doctor sees no relationship. Let me give
you an actual example. Medical researchers studying vitamin B5 or
pantothenic acid noticed that it could, in what seemed to be
megadoses (compared to the minimum daily requirement) largely
reverse certain degenerative effects of aging. These researchers
were measuring endurance in rats as it decreased through the aging
process. How they made this measurement may appear to some readers
to be heartless, but the best way to gauge the endurance of a rat is
to toss it into a five gallon bucket of cold water and see how long
it swims before it drowns. Under these conditions, the researcher
can be absolutely confident that the rat does its very best to stay
alive.

Young healthy rats can swim for 45 minutes in 50 degree Fahrenheit
water before drowning. Old rats can only last about 15 minutes. And
old rats swim differently, less efficiently, with their lower bodies
more or less vertical, sort of dog paddling. But when old rats were
fed pantothenic acid at a very high dose for a few weeks before the
test, they swam 45 minutes too. And swam more efficiently, like the
young rats did. More interestingly, their coats changed color (the
gray went away) and improved in texture; they began to appear like
young rats. And the rats on megadoses of B5 lived lot longer--25 to
33 percent longer than rats not on large doses of B5. Does that mean
"megadoses" of B5 have an unknown drug-like effect? Or does that
mean the real nutritional requirement for B5 is a lot higher than
most people think? I believe the second choice is correct. To give
you an idea of how much B5 the old rats were given in human terms,
the FDA says the minimum daily requirement for B5 is about 10
milligrams but if humans took as much B5 as the rats, they would
take about 750 milligrams per day. Incidentally, I figure I am as
worthy as any lab rat and take over 500 milligrams daily.

My point is that there is a big difference between preventing a
gross vitamin deficiency disease, and using vitamins to create
optimum functioning. Any sick person or anyone with a health
complaint needs to improve their overall functioning in any way that
won't be harmful over the long term. Vitamin therapy can be an
amazingly effective adjunct to dietary reform and detoxification.

Some of the earlier natural hygienists were opposed to using
vitamins. However, these doctors lived in an era when the food
supply was better, when mass human degeneration had not proceeded as
far as it has today. From their perspective, it was possible to
obtain all the nutrition one needed from food. In our time this is
unlikely unless a person knowingly and intelligently produces
virtually all their own food on a highly fertile soil body whose
fertility is maintained and adjusted with a conscious intent to
maximize the nutritive content of the food. Unfortunately, ignorance
of the degraded nature of industrial food seems to extend to
otherwise admirable natural healing methods such as Macrobiotics and
homeopathy because these disciplines also downplay any need for food
supplementation.

Vitamins For Young Persons And Children

Young healthy people from weaning through their thirties should also
take nutritional supplements even though young people usually feel
so good that they find it impossible to conceive that anything could
harm them or that they ever could become seriously sick or actually
die. I know this is true because I remember my own youth and
besides, why else would young people so glibly ride motorcycles or,
after only a few months of brainwashing, charge up a hill into the
barrel of a machine gun. Or have unsafe sex in this age of multiple
venereal diseases. Until they get a little sense, vitamin
supplements help to counteract their inevitable and unpreventable
use of recreational foods. Vitamins are the cheapest long life and
health insurance plan now available. Parents are generally very
surprised at the thought that even their children need nutritional
supplements; very few healthy children receive them. A few are given
extra vitamin C when acutely ill, when they have colds or
communicable diseases such as chicken pox.

Young people require a low dose supplement compared to those of us
middle-aged or older, but it should be a broad formula with the full
range of vitamins and minerals. Some of the best products I have
found over 25 years of research and experimentation with young
people are Douglas Cooper's "Basic Formula" (low dose and excellent
for children) and "Super T Formula" (double the dose of Basic
Formula, therefore better for adolescents and young adults), also
from Douglas Cooper Company; Bronson's "Vitamin and Mineral Formula
for Active Men and Women" and Bronson's "Insurance Formula."
"Vitamin 75 Plus;" and "Formula 2" from Now Natural Foods are also
good and less costly.

Healthy very small children who will swallow pills can take these
same products at half the recommended dose. If they won't swallow
pills the pills can be blended into a fruit smoothie or finely
crushed and then stirred into apple sauce. There are also
"Children's Chewable Multi-Vitamins + Iron" (1-5 years old) from
Douglas Cooper that contains no minerals except iron, Bronson's
"Chewable Vitamins" (make sure it is the one for small children,
Bronson makes several types of chewables) and a liquid vitamin
product from Bronson called Multivitamin Drops for Infants. These
will be a little more costly than cutting pills in half.

There is also an extraordinarily high quality multivitamin/mineral
formula for children called "Children's Formula Life Extension Mix"
from Prolongevity, Ltd. (the Life Extension Foundation), it is in
tablet form, and slightly more expensive.

I hope that my book will be around for several generations. The
businesses whose vitamin products I recommend will not likely exist
in twenty years. Even sooner than that the product names and details
of the formulations will almost certainly be altered. So, for future
readers discovering this book in a library or dusty shelve of a used
book store, if I, at my current level of understanding, were
manufacturing a childrens and young adults vitamin formula myself,
this is what it would contain. Any commercial formulation within 25
percent of these figures plus or minus would probably be fine as
long as the vitamins in the pills were of high quality.

Vitamin C 500 mg B-1 30 mg
Vitamin E 50 iu B-2 30 mg
Vitamin A 500 iu B-3 niacinamide 100 mg
Vitamin D 25 iu B-5 50 mg
Magnesium 100 mg B-6 30 mg
Calcium 400 mg B-12 30 mcg
Selenium 10 mcg Chromium 20 mcg
Manganese 2 mcg Biotin 30 mg
Zinc 5 mg Iodine (as kelp) 5 mg
PABA 20 mg Bioflavinoids 100 mg

Vitamins For An Older Healthy Person

Someone who is beyond 35 to 40 years of age should still feel good
almost all of the time. That is how life should be. But enjoying
well-being does not mean that no dietary supplementation is called
for. The onset of middle age is the appropriate time to begin
working on continuing to feel well for as long as possible. Just
like a car, if you take very good care of it from the beginning, it
is likely to run smoothly for many years into the future. If on the
other hand you drive it hard and fast with a lot of deferred
maintenance you will probably have to trade it in on a new one after
a very few years. Most people in their 70s and older who are
struggling with many uncomfortable symptoms and low energy lament,
'if I'd only known I was going to live so long I would have taken
better care of myself.' But at that point it is too late for the old
donkey; time for a trade in.

Gerontologists refer to combating the aging process as "squaring the
curve." We arrive at the peak of our physical function at about age
eighteen. How high that peak level is depends on a person's genetic
endowment, the quality of the start they received through their
mother's nutritional reserves, and the quality of their childhood
nutrition and life experience. From that peak our function begins to
drop. The rate of drop is not uniform, but is a cascade where each
bit of deterioration creates more deterioration, accelerating the
rate of deterioration. If various aging experiences were graphed,
they would make curves like those on the chart on this page.

Because deterioration starts out so slowly, people usually do not
begin to notice there has been any decline until they reach their
late 30s. A few fortunate ones don't notice it until their 40s. A
few (usually) dishonest ones claim no losses into their 50s but they
are almost inevitably lying, either to you or to themselves, or
both. Though it might be wisest to begin combating the aging process
at age 19, practically speaking, no one is going to start spending
substantial money on food supplements until they actually notice
significant lost function. For non-athletes this point usually comes
when function has dropped to about 90 percent of what it was in our
youth. If they're lucky what people usually notice with the
beginnings of middle age is an increasing inability for their bodies
to tolerate insults such as a night on the town or a big meal. Or
they may begin to get colds that just won't seem to go away. Or they
may begin coming home after work so tired that they can hardly stay
awake and begin falling asleep in their Lazy Boy recliner in front
of the TV even before prime time. If they're not so lucky they'll
begin suffering the initial twinges of a non-life-threatening
chronic condition like arthritis.

The thinnest line demonstrates the worst possible life from a purely
physical point of view, where a person started out life with
significantly lowered function, lost quite a bit more and then hung
on to life for many years without the mercy of death.

If one can postpone the deterioration of aging, they extend and
hopefully square the curve (retard loss of function until later and
then have the loss occur more rapidly). Someone whose lifetime
function resembled a "square curve"(the thickest, topmost line)
would experience little or no deterioration until the very end and
then would lose function precipitously. At this point we do not know
how to eliminate the deterioration but we do know how to slow it
down, living longer and feeling better, at least to a point close to
the very end.

Vitamin supplements can actually slow or even to a degree, reverse,
the aging process. However, to accomplish that task, they have to be
taken in amounts far greater than so-called minimum daily
requirements, using vitamins as though they were drugs, a
therapeutic approach to changing body chemistry profiles and making
them resemble a younger body. For example, research gerontologists
like Walford reason that if pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), in fairly
substantial (but quite safe) doses can extend the life and improve
the function of old rats, there is every indication that it will do
a similar job on humans. Medical researchers and research
gerontologists have noticed that many other vitamin and vitamin-like
substances have similar effects on laboratory animals.

Some will object that what helps rats and mice is in no way proven
to cause the same result on humans. I agree. Proven with full
scientific rigor, no. In fact, at present, the contention is
unprovable. Demonstrable as having a high likelihood's of being so,
yes! So likely so as to be almost incontrovertible, yes! But
provable to the most open-minded, scientific sort--probably not for a
long time. However, the Life Extension Foundation is working hard to
find some quantifiable method of gauging the aging process in humans
without waiting for the inarguable indicator, death. Once this is
accomplished and solidly recognized, probably no rational person
will be able to doubt that human life span can be increased.

Experiments work far better with short-lived laboratory animals for
another reason; we can not control the food and supplement intakes
of humans as we can with caged mice. In fact, there are special
types of laboratory mice that have been bred to have uniformly short
life spans, especially to accelerate this kind of research. With
mice we can state accurately that compared to a control group,
feeding such and such a dose of such and such a supplement extended
the life-span or functional performance by such and such a percent.

A lot of these very same medical gerontologists nourish their own
bodies as thoroughly as the laboratory animals they are studying,
taking broad mixes of food supplements at doses proportional to
those that extend the life spans of their research animals. This
approach to using supplementation is at the other end of the scale
compared to using supplements to prevent gross deficiencies. In the
life extension approach, vitamins and vitamin-like substances are
used as a therapy against the aging process itself.

Will it work? Well, some of these human guinea pigs have been on
heavy vitamin supplementation for over thirty years (as of 1995) and
none seem to be suffering any damage. Will they live longer? It is
impossible to say with full scientific rigor? To know if life
extension works, we would have to first determine "live longer than
what?" After all, we don't know how long any person might have lived
without life extending vitamin supplements. Though it can't be
"proven," it makes perfect sense to me to spend far less money on an
intensive life extension vitamin program than I would certainly lose
as a result of age-related sickness.

Besides, I've already observed from personal use and from results in
my clinical practice that life extension vitamin programs do work.
Whether I and my clients will ultimately live longer or not, the
people who I have put on these programs, including myself and my
husband, usually report that for several years after starting they
find themselves feeling progressively younger, gradually returning
to an overall state of greater well-being they knew five or ten or
fifteen years ago. They have more energy, feel clearer mentally,
have fewer unwanted somatic symptoms.

Sometimes the improvements seem rather miraculous. After a few
months on the program one ninety year old man, an independent-minded
Oregonian farmer, reported that he began awakening with an erection
every morning; unfortunately, his 89 year old cranky and somewhat
estranged wife, who would not take vitamins, did not appreciate this
youthfulness. A few months later (he had a small farm) he planted a
holly orchard. Most of you won't appreciate what this means without
a bit of explanation, but in Oregon, holly is grown as a high-priced
and highly profitable ornamental for the clusters of leaves and
berries. But a slow-growing holly orchard takes 25 years to began
making a profit!

A few older clients of mine reported that they noticed nothing from
the life extension program, but these are unique people who have
developed the ability to dominate their bodies with their minds and
routinely pay their bodies absolutely no attention, driving them
relentlessly to do their will. Usually they use their energies to
accomplish good, Christian works. Eventually, these dedicated and
high-toned people break down and die like everyone else. Will they
do so later on life extending vitamins than they would have
otherwise? I couldn't know because I can't know how long they might
have lived without supplementation and since they refuse to admit
the vitamins do them any good, they won't pay for them.

Many on life extension programs experience a reverse aging process
for awhile. However, after the full benefit of the supplementation
has worked itself through their body chemistry, they again begin to
experience the aging process. I believe the process will then be
slowed by their vitamins compared to what it would have been without
supplements. But I can't prove it. Maybe we will have some idea if
the program worked 20 to 40 years from now.

At this time I know of only two companies that make top quality life
extension vitamin supplement formulas. One is Prolongevity (Life
Extension Foundation), the other, Vitamin Research Products. I
prefer to support what I view as the altruistic motives behind
Prolongevity and buy my products from them. Unfortunately, these
vitamin compounders can not put every possibly beneficial substance
in a single bottle of tablets. The main reason they do not is fear
of the power-grabbing Food and Drug Administration. This agency is
threatening constantly to remove certain of the most useful
life-extending substances from the vitamin trade and make them the
exclusive property of prescription-writing medical doctors. So far,
public pressure has been mobilized against the FDA every time action
was threatened and has not permitted this. If some product were
included in a mix and that product were prohibited, the entire
mixed, bottled and labeled batch that remained unsold at that time
would be wasted, at enormous cost.

Were I manufacturing my own life extension supplement I would
include the following. By the way, to get this all in one day, it is
necessary to take 6 to 12 large tablets daily, usually spread
throughout the day, taken a few at a time with each meal. If you
compare my suggested formulation to another one, keep in mind that
variations of 25 percent one way or another won't make a significant
difference, and adding other beneficial substances to my
recommendations probably is only helpful. However, I would not want
to eliminate anything in the list below, it is the minimum:

Beta-Carotene 25,000 iu Selenium 100 mcg

Vitamin A 5,000 iu Taurine 500 mg

B-1 250 mg Cyctine 200 mg

B-2 50 mg Gluthaianone 15 mg

B-3 niacinamid 850 mg Choline 650 mg

B-5 750 mg Inositol 250 mg

B-6 200 mg Flavanoids 500 mg

B-12 100 mcg Zinc 35 mg

PABA 50 mg Chromium 100 mcg

Folic Acid 500 mcg Molybdenum 123 mg

Biotin 200 mcg Manganese 5 mg

Vitamin C 3,000 mg Iodine (as kelp) 10 mg

Vitamin E 600 iu Co-Enzyme Q-10 60 mg

Magnesium 1,000 mg DMAE 100 mg

Potassium 100 mg Ginko biloba 120 mg

Calcium 1,000 mg Vitamin D-3 200 iu

Please also keep in mind that there are many other useful substances
not listed above. For example, every day I have a "green drink," an
herbal preparation containing numerous tonic substances like ginseng
and also various forms of algae and chlorophyll extracts. My green
drink makes my body feel very peppy all day, so it certainly
enhances my life and may extend it. It costs about $25,00 a month to
enjoy that. I also use various pure amino acids at times.
Phenylalyanine will make me get more aggressive whenever I am
feeling a little lackluster; this nutrient has also been used as an
effective therapy against depression. Melatonin taken at bedtime
really does help me get to sleep and may have remarkable
life-extending properties. Other amino acids help my body
manufacture growth hormones and I use them from the time I begin
training seriously in spring through the end of the summer triathlon
competition season. Pearson and Shaw's book (see Bibliography) is a
good starting point to begin learning about this remarkably useful
subject.

The Future Of Life Extension

I beg the readers indulgence for a bit of futurology about what
things may look like if the life extension movement continues to
develop.

Right now, a full vitamin and vitamin-like substance life extension
program costs between $50 and $100 dollars per month. However,
pharmaceutical researchers occasionally notice that drugs meant to
treat and cure diseases, when tested on lab animals for safety, make
these animals live quite a bit longer and function better. Though
the FDA doesn't allow any word of this to be printed in official
prescribing data, the word does get around to other researchers, to
gerontologists and eventually to that part of the public that is
eagerly looking for longer life. Today there are numerous people who
routinely take prescription medicines meant to cure a disease they
do not have and plan to take those medicines for the rest of their
long, long life.

These drugs being patented, the tariff gets a lot steeper compared
to taking vitamins. (Since they are naturally-occurring substances,
vitamins can't be patented and therefore, aren't big-profit items.
Perhaps that's one reason the FDA is so covertly opposed to
vitamins.) Right now it would be quite possible to spend many
hundred dollars per month on a life extension program that included
most of these potentially beneficent prescription drugs.

As more of life-extending substances are discovered, the cost of
participating in a maximally effective life extension program will
escalate. However, those who can afford chemically enhanced
functioning will enjoy certain side-benefits. Their productive,
enjoyable life spans may measure well over a century, perhaps
approaching two centuries or more. Some of these substances greatly
improve intelligence so they will become brighter and have faster
reaction times. With more time to accumulate more wisdom and
experience than "short livers" these folks will become wiser, too.
They will have more time to compound their investment assets and
thus will become far more wealthy. They will become an obvious and
recognizable aristocracy. This new upper class will immediately
recognize each other on the street because they will look entirely
different than the short-lived poorer folk and will probably run the
political economic system.

And this new aristocratic society I see coming may be far more
pleasant than the one dominated by the oligarchy we now have
covertly running things. For with greater age and experience does
really come greater wisdom. I have long felt that the biggest
problem with Earth is that we did not live long enough. As George
Bernard Shaw quipped when he was 90 (he lived to 96), "here I am, 90
years old, just getting out of my adolescence and getting some
sense, and my body is falling apart as fast as it can."

Vitamin Program For The Sick

No matter which way you look at it or how well insured you may be
against it, being sick is expensive (not to mention what it does to
one's quality of life), and by far the best thing to do is to
prevent it from happening in the first place. However, most people
do not do anything about their health until forced to by some
painful condition. If you are already sick there are a number of
supplements you can take which have the potential to shorten the
duration and severity of the illness, and hopefully prevent a
recurrence.

The sicker you are, the more supplements you will require; as health
is regained, the dosage and variety of substances can be reduced. In
chronic illness, megadoses of many nutrients are usually beneficial.
Any sick adult should begin a life extension vitamin program unless
they are highly allergic to so many things already that they can not
tolerate many kinds of vitamins as well. In addition to the life
extension program, vitamin C should be taken by the chronically ill
at a dose from 10 to 25 grams daily, depending on the severity of
the condition.

Many people want to know whether or not they should take their
regular food supplements during a fast. On a water fast most
supplements in a hard tablet form will not be broken down at all,
and often can be seen floating by in the colonic viewing tube
looking exactly like it did when you swallowed it. This waste can be
avoided by crushing or chewing (yuck) the tablets, before
swallowing. Encapsulated vitamins usually are absorbed, but if you
want to make sure, open the capsule and dump it in the back of your
mouth before swallowing with water. Powdered vitamins are well
absorbed.

On a water fast the body is much more sensitive to any substance
introduced, so as a general rule it is not a good idea to take more
than one half your regular dose of food supplements. Most fasters do
fine without any supplements. Many people get an upset stomach from
supplements on an empty stomach, and these people should not take
any during a water fast unless they develop symptoms of mineral
deficiencies (usually a pre-existing condition) such as leg cramps
and tremors, these symptoms necessitate powdered or well-chewed-up
mineral supplement. Minerals don't taste too bad to chew, just
chalky.

The same suggestions regarding dosage of supplements for a water
fast are also true for a juice fast or vegetable broth fast. On a
raw food cleansing diet the full dose of supplements should be taken
with meals.

There exists an enormous body of data about vitamins; books and
magazine articles are always touting some new product or explaining
the uses of an old one. If you want to know more about using
ordinary vitamins you'll find leads in the bibliography to guide
your reading. However, there is one "old" vitamin and a few newer
and relatively unknown life extending substances that are so useful
and important to handling illness that I would like to tell you more
about them.

Vitamin C is not a newly discovered vitamin, but was one of the
first ever identified. If you are one of those people that just hate
taking vitamins, and you were for some reason willing to take only
one, vitamin C would be your best choice. Vitamin C would be the
clear winner because it helps enormously with any infection and in
invaluable in tissue healing and rebuilding collagen. If I was going
on a long trip and didn't want to pack a lot of weight, my first
choice would be to insure three to six grams of vitamin C for daily
use when I was healthy (I'd take the optimum dose--ten grams a day--if
weight were no limitation). I'd also carry enough extra C to really
beef up my intake when dealing with an unexpected acute illness or
accident.

When traveling to far away places, exposed to a whole new batch of
organisms, frequently having difficulty finding healthy foods, going
through time zones, losing nights of sleep, it is easy to become
enervated enough to catch a local cold or flu. If I have brought
lots of extra vitamin C with me I know that my immune system will be
able to conquer just about anything--as long as I also stop eating
and can take an enema. I also like to have vitamin C as a part of my
first aid kit because if I experience a laceration, a sprain, broken
bone, or a burn, I can increase my internal intake as well as apply
it liberally directly on the damaged skin surface. Vitamin C can be
put directly in the eye in a dilute solution with distilled water
for infections and injuries, in the ear for ear infections, and in
the nose for sinus infections. If you are using the acid form of C
(ascorbic acid) and it smarts too much, make a more dilute solution,
or switch to the alkaline form of C (calcium ascorbate) which can be
used as a much more concentrated solution without a stinging
sensation. Applied directly on the skin C in solution makes a very
effective substitute for sun screen. It doesn't filter out
ultraviolet, it beefs up the skin to better deal with the insult.

I believe vitamin C can deal with a raging infection such as
pneumonia as well or better than antibiotics. But to do that, C is
going to have to be administered at the maximum dose the body can
process. This is easily discoverable by a 'bowel tolerance test'
which basically means you keep taking two or three grams of C each
hour, (preferably in the powdered, most rapidly assimilable form)
until you get a runny stool (the trots). The loose stool happens
when there is so much C entering the small intestine that it is not
all absorbed, but is instead, passed through to the large intestine.
At that point cut back just enough that the stool is only a little
loose, not runny. At this dose, your blood stream will be as
saturated by vitamin C as you can achieve by oral ingestion.

It can make an important difference which type of vitamin C is taken
because many people are unable to tolerate the acid form of C beyond
8 or 10 grams a day, but they can achieve a therapeutic dose without
discomfort with the alkaline (buffered) vitamin C products such as
calcium ascorbate, sodium ascorbate, or magnesium-potassium
ascorbates.

Vitamin C also speeds up the healing of internal tissues and damaged
connective tissue. Damaged internal tissues might include stomach
ulcers (use the alkaline form of vitamin C only), bladder and kidney
infections (acid form usually best), arthritic disorders with damage
to joints and connective tissue (alkaline form usually best). Sports
injuries heal up a lot faster with a therapeutic dose of vitamin C.
As medicine, vitamin C should be taken at the rate of one or two
grams every two hours (depending on the severity of the condition),
spaced out to avoid unnecessary losses in the urine which happens if
it were taken ten grams at a time. If you regularly use the acid
form of vitamin C powder, which is the cheapest, be sure to use a
straw and dissolve it in water or juice so that the acid does not
dissolve the enamel on your teeth over time.

And this is as good a point as any to mention that just like
broccoli is not broccoli, a vitamin is not necessarily a vitamin.
Vitamins are made by chemical and pharmaceutical companies. To make
this confusion even more interesting, the business names that appear
on vitamin bottles are not the real manufacturers. Bronson's
Pharmaceuticals is a distributor and marketer, not a manufacturer.
The same is true of every vitamin company I know of. These companies
buy bulk product by the barrel or sack; then encapsulate, blend and
roll pills, bottle and label, advertise and make profit. The point
of all this is that some actual vitamin manufacturers produce very
high quality products and others shortcut. Vitamin distributors must
make ethical (or unethical) choices about their suppliers.

It is beyond the scope of this book to be a manual for going into
the vitamin business. However, there are big differences in how
effective vitamins with the same chemical name are and the
differences hinge on who actually brewed them up.

For example, there are at least two quality levels of vitamin C on
the market right now. The pharmaceutical grade is made by Roche or
BASF. Another form, it could be called "the bargain barrel brew," is
made in China. Top quality vitamin C is quite a bit more costly; as
I write this, the price differential is about 40 percent between the
cheap stuff and the best. This can make a big difference in bottle
price and profit. Most of the discount retail vitamin companies use
the Chinese product.

There's more than a price difference. The vitamin C from China
contains measurable levels of lead, cadmium, mercury, iron and other
toxic metals. The FDA allows this slightly contaminated product to
be sold in the US because the Recommended Daily Allowance for
vitamin C is a mere 60 milligrams per day. Taken at that level, the
toxic metals would, as the FDA sees it, do no harm. However, many
users of vitamin C take 100--200 times the RDA. The cheap form of C
would expose them to potentially toxic levels of heavy metal
poisons. The highly refined top-quality product removes impurities
to a virtually undetectable level.

I buy my C from Bronson who ethically gives me the quality stuff. I
know for a fact that the vitamin C sold by Prolongevity is also top
quality. I've had clients who bought cheaper C than Bronson's and
discovered it was not quite like Bronson's in appearance or taste.
More importantly, it did not seem to have the same therapeutic
effect.

The distributors I've mentioned so far, Bronson, NOW, Cooper,
Prolongevity and Vitamin Research Products are all knowledgeable
about differences between actual manufacturers and are ethical,
buying and reselling only high quality products. Other distributors
I believe to be reputable include Twin Labs, Schiff and Plus. I know
there are many other distributors with high ethic levels but I can
not evaluate all their product lines. And as I've mentioned earlier,
businesses come and go rather quickly, but I hope my book will be
read for decades. I do know that I would be very reluctant to buy my
vitamins at a discount department store or supermarket; when
experimenting with new suppliers I have at times been severely
disappointed.

Co-enzyme Q-10. This substance is normally manufactured in the human
body and is also found in minuscule amounts in almost every cell on
Earth. For that reason it is also called "ubiquinone." But this
vitamin has been only recently discovered, so as I write this book
Co-enzyme Q-10 is not widely known.

Q-10 is essential to the functioning of the mitochondria, that part
of the cell that produces energy. With less Q-10 in heart cells, for
example, the heart has less energy and pumps less. The same is true
of the immune system cells, the liver cells, every cell. As we age
the body is able to make less and less Q-10, contributing to the
loss of energy frequently experienced with age, as well as the
diminished effectiveness of the immune system, and a shortened life
span.

Q-10 was first used for its ability to revitalize heart cells. It
was a prescription medicine in Japan. But unlike other drugs used to
stimulate the heart, at any reasonable dose Q-10 has no harmful side
effects. It also tends to give people the extra pick up they are
trying to get out of a cup of coffee. But Q-10 does so by improving
the function of every cell in the body, not by whipping exhausted
adrenals like caffeine does. Q-10 is becoming very popular with
athletes who measure their overall cellular output against known
standards.

Besides acting as a general tonic, when fed to lab animals,
Co-Enzyme Q-10 makes them live 33 to 45 percent longer!

DMAE is another extremely valuable vitamin-like substance that is
not widely known. It is a basic building material that the body uses
to make acetylcholine, the most generalized neurotransmitter in the
body. Small quantities of DMAE are found in fish, but the body
usually makes it in a multi-stage synthesis that starts with the
amino acid choline, arrives at DMAE at about step number three and
ends up finally with acetylcholine.

The body's nerves are wrapped in fatty tissue that should be
saturated with acetylcholine. Every time a nerve impulse is
transmitted from one nerve cell to the next, a molecule of
acetylcholine is consumed. Thus acetylcholine has to be constantly
replaced. As the body ages, levels of acetylcholine surrounding the
nerves drop and in consequence, the nerves begin to deteriorate.
DMAE is rapidly and easily converted into acetylcholine and helps
maintain acetylcholine levels in older people at a youthful level.

When laboratory rats are fed DMAE they solve mazes more rapidly,
remember better, live about 40 percent longer than rats not fed DMAE
and most interestingly, when autopsied, their nervous systems
resemble those of a young rat, without any evidence of the usual
deterioration of aging. Human nervous systems also deteriorate with
age, especially those of people suffering from senility. It is
highly probable that DMAE will do the same thing to us. DMAE also
smoothes out mood swings in humans and seems to help my husband,
Steve, when he has a big writing project. He can keep working
without getting 'writers block', fogged out, or rollercoastering.

DMAE is a little hard to find. Prolongevity and VRP sell it in
powder form. Since the FDA doesn't know any MDR and since the
product is not capped up, the bottle of powder sagely states that
one-quarter teaspoonful contains 333 milligrams. Get the hint? DMAE
tastes a little like sour salt and one-quarter teaspoonful dissolves
readily in water every morning before breakfast, or anytime for that
matter. DMAE is also very inexpensive considering what it does. A
year's supply costs about $20.

Lecithin is a highly tonic and inexpensive food supplement that is
underutilized by many people even though it is easily obtainable in
healthfood stores. It is an emulsifier, breaking fats down into
small separate particles, keeping blood cholesterol emulsified to
prevent arterial deposits. Taken persistently, lecithin partially
and slowly eliminates existing cholesterol deposits from the
circulatory system.

In our cholesterol-frightened society lecithin should be a far more
popular supplement than it currently is. It is easy to take either
as a food in the granular form or when encapsulated. Lecithin
granules have very little flavor and can be added to a home-made
vinegar and oil salad dressing, where they emulsify the oil and make
it blend with the vinegar, thickening the mixture and causing it to
stick to the salad better. Lecithin can also be put in a fruits
smoothie. A scant tablespoon a day is sufficient. Try to buy the
kind of lecithin that has the highest phosphatidyl choline content
because this substance is the second benefit of taking lecithin.
Phosphatidyl choline is another precursor used by the body to build
acetylcholine and helps maintain the nervous system.

Algae. Spirulina or sun dried chlorella are also great food
supplements. Both make many people feel energized, pepped-up. It is
possible to fast on either product and still maintain sufficient
energy levels to take of minimal work responsibilities. Algae
reduces appetite and as a dietary supplement can assist in weight
loss. It contains large amounts of highly-assimilable protein due to
it's high chlorophyll content, as well as a large amount of beta
carotene. It also assists in detoxification of the lymphatic system.
It can be purchased as tablets or powder. Take a heaping teaspoon
daily, or at least six tablets.





Next: The Analysis of Disease States: Helping the Body Recover

Previous: Diet and Nutrition



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